When it comes to settling a dispute between the usefulness of organic and inorganic fertilizers for the wellbeing of plants, it is a subject matter open for discussion. Both organic and inorganic fertilizers have some strengths and weaknesses and believe me, you must not be reliant on using only one type.
In this section, we will discuss every nook and corner about organic and inorganic fertilizers and some top specifics to facilitate you make an educated decision.
Organic fertilizers are biodegradable, eco-friendly, and renewable. They are usually geared up from natural products, for instance, seaweed, compost, leaves, manure, and worm castings. Organic fertilizers may be expensive, but they offer a wide range of benefits to the soil. Inorganic fertilizers are prepared commercially and often lack micronutrients like Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu), etc. They are inexpensive and typically concentrated for macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
By description, a fertilizer is “any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin which is added to a soil to supply elements essential to the growth of plants.” (Brady, Soils, 1974)
Organic material depicts something that is or was alive and active. Plant manures were formerly breathing plants. Fish emulsion, a by-product of fluid remains of fish, is prepared from the remains of fish processed for the fishmeal industry or fish oil. On the other hand, inorganic means matter that is derived from non-living sources. It includes rock phosphate, a rich source of phosphorus derived from rocks is a non-living matter.
Remember, most of the commercially available NPK fertilizers are inorganic and synthetic in nature.
By definition, “an organic fertilizer refers to a soil amendment derived from natural sources that guarantees, at least, the minimum percentage of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash.”
Since chemical fertilizers burns out the soil organic matter, other farmers struggle with tilth, water retention, and basic soil nutrients. The soil gets harder and harder every as the chemicals burn out the organic matter, which gives the soil its sponginess. One pound of organic matter holds four pounds of water. The best drought protection any farmer can acquire is more soil organic matter.
These organic fertilizers are prepared from mined rock minerals, natural plant or animal materials. They include elements like bone meal, fish emulsion, finely pulverized fish, crushed shells, cottonseed meal, dried and powdered blood, kelp meal, phosphate rock, wood, and bat guano.
Organic fertilizers are known as the best associates of garden and backyard soils. They are recyclable, ecologically adaptable, and notably renewable. If you have some basic understanding of fertilizers, you can make your own organic fertilizer at home.
Most importantly, organic fertilizers notably perk up the overall quality of the soil and enhance soil structure. Moreover, these fertilizers amplify soil’s water retention capability.
By designation, an inorganic fertilizer or synthetic fertilizer is a type of fertilizer that is processed and prepared artificially in controlled environments.
Typically, inorganic fertilizers are jam-packed with minerals or synthetic chemicals and processed commercially to provide rich and fast nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium.
More or less, these fertilizers are inexpensive, industrially manufactured, and highly concentrated for macronutrients such as NPK, but somehow these fertilizers usually lack micronutrients.
The following are some prime examples of inorganic fertilizers:
If you want a quick turnaround and fast-performing fertilizers, believe me, inorganic fertilizers are the best choice. These fertilizers are fast and furious in showing results. Furthermore, they are easy on the pocket and economical.
Organic fertilizers bless you with a wide array of benefits. Following are the top five benefits of using organic fertilizers in your fields:
Organic fertilizers enhance the soil structure. There is strong scientific evidence that organic fertilizers supplement the overall soil structure, thereby enhancing soil water retention capacity and nutrient supply.
The development of inorganic fertilizer is one of the most significant advancements and finest human achievements for modern agriculture and gardening. These fertilizers are usually water-soluble and energetically absorbed by the plants.
Following are the five top benefits of using inorganic fertilizers in fields:
Indeed, there are some limitations to each type of fertilizer.
Gardening or field farming is half-empty without the use of organic and inorganic fertilizers. Still, organic and inorganic fertilizers act as stepping stones to the enormous success of agriculture in general and gardening in particular.
For example, preparing the soil with organic amendments and timely application of adulterate inorganic fertilizers can fabricate healthy and lush green plants. You can surely use organic and inorganic fertilizers according to the demand for excellent success with gardening and farming.